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  • TACE is required for fetal ...
    Shi, Wei; Chen, Hui; Sun, Jianping; Buckley, Sue; Zhao, Jingsong; Anderson, Kathryn D; Williams, Roberta G; Warburton, David

    Developmental biology, 2003, 2003-Sep-15, 2003-09-00, 20030915, 2003-09-01, Letnik: 261, Številka: 2
    Journal Article

    Tumor necrosis factor-α converting enzyme (TACE) is a membrane-anchored, Zn-dependent metalloprotease, which belongs to the ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) family. TACE functions as a membrane sheddase to release the ectodomain portions of many transmembrane proteins, including the precursors of TNFα, TGFα, several other cytokines, as well as the receptors for TNFα, and neuregulin (ErbB4). Mice with TACE ΔZn/ΔZn null mutation die at birth with phenotypic changes, including failure of eyelid fusion, hair and skin defects, and abnormalities of lung development. Abnormal fetal heart development was not previously described. Herein, we report that TACE ΔZn/ΔZn null mutant mice by late gestation exhibit markedly enlarged fetal hearts with increased myocardial trabeculation and reduced cell compaction, mimicking the pathological changes of noncompaction of ventricular myocardium. In addition, larger cardiomyocyte cell size and increased cell proliferation were observed in ventricles of TACE ΔZn/ΔZn knockout mouse hearts. At the molecular level, reduced expression of epidermal growth factor receptor, attenuated protein cleavage of ErbB4, and changes in MAPK activation were also detected in TACE ΔZn/ΔZn knockout heart tissues. The data suggest that TACE-mediated cell surface protein ectodomain shedding plays an essential and a novel regulatory role during cardiac development and modeling.